Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4
By Social Weather Stations
The Asian Barometer 2014 Survey covered the entire Philippines, and had four major study areas: National Capital Region (NCR), Balance Luzon (outside NCR), Visayas and Mindanao.
The Philippines is a democratic republic with the president as the head of the state and the government. It is a unitary state with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which is largely free from the national government.
The president is elected by popular vote for a single six-year term through the first-past-the-post rule. The bicameral Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Members of the Senate are elected to a six-year term (limited to 2 consecutive terms). The Senate is composed of 24 senators who are elected at-large by the electorate. The members of the House of Representatives are elected to a three-year term (limited to 3 consecutive terms). In 2013, representatives were elected from 234 legislative districts (single-member district), and no more than 20% of the total number of representatives are elected through the party-list. Currently, there are 58 representatives elected through the party-list, which make the total number of the representatives to be 292. Voters vote for a single party-list organization and organizations that garner at least 2% of the total number of votes win one seat for every 2% up to a maximum of three representatives. Major parties are not allowed to participate in the party-list election.
The current president is Benigno S. Aquino III, who was elected in June 2010. The latest legislative election was held in 2013, with the president’s party—the Liberal Party—controls 39% of the seats.