Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4
By King Prajadhipok’s Institute
- Basic information
The 2014 Asian Barometer Survey covered the area of Thailand, including five regions – North, Northeast, South, Central, and Greater Bangkok.
The population of Thailand in the same set of survey was 64,066,473 (year 2011).
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy, under which form of government the King serves the People of Thailand as “Head of State”, under the terms of the Constitution of Thailand. Under balance of power, Thailand has three main institutions that are executive, parliamentary, and judiciary branches. Executive or governmental branch is a main institutional which headed up by the Prime Minister who was selected by House of Representatives. Usually the person recommended for appointment as Prime Minister is the leader of the political party having the largest number of elected Members of Parliament.
The electoral system in Thailand was stated in the constitution as a mixed-proportional system. The members of Parliament were gathered by 500 elected representatives. In the House of Representatives, 375 members are elected by single-member constituencies and 125 members are elected under proportional party list.
The national election was held on July 3, 2011, following the dissolution of Parliament by Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva in March 2011. In the election, the Pheu Thai party won a parliamentary majority of 265 seats in the election. The democrat party formed the opposition which having won 159 seats in the election.