wave5 Taiwan

Asian Barometer Survey Wave 5





Asian Barometer Survey, Hu Fu Center for East Asia Democratic Studies, National Taiwan University

July 2019

  • Basic information

1.1 Location

The Asian Barometer Survey Wave V Taiwan survey covered the area of Taiwan, including six municipalities, 3 cities and 13 counties.

1.2 Population

The population of Taiwan in December 2018 was 23,588,932. The capital city is Taipei City. Additionally, there are five major municipalities, namely New Taipei City, Kaohsiung City, Taichung City, Tainan City, and Taoyuan City.

1.3 Government

Taiwan is a republic with the president as the head of the state. The institutional arrangement is categorized as semi-presidential system since the premier (the head of the Executive Yuan) is in charge of the executive branch. The premier is not an elected official but appointed by the president and does not need the approval of the Legislative Yuan.

Besides the major three branches of the government (the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial), two other branches were created under the Constitution, the Control Yuan and Examination Yuan. There are two major parties in Taiwan, the Nationalist Party (or Kuomintang, KMT) and the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). The DPP controlled both the presidency and the legislature since the 2016 presidential election. The next presidential and legislative elections are scheduled in January 11, 2020.

The president is elected through the first-past-the-post system by plurality rule. The mixed-member rule is applied to electing members in the legislature. Among the 113 seats, 73 seats come from single-member districts, 6 from aboriginal reserved seats, and 34 seats elected under proportional party list with 5% threshold. The DPP held 68 seats while the KMT had 35 seats. The rest were shared by other small parties. The New Power Party, a party established after the Sunflower Movement, won 5 seats, becoming the third largest party in the legislature.

  • Timetable






Finalizing the Questionnaire


Institutional Review Boards


Training for Supervisor and Interviewers








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